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Zoëga's A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic


mein, n. (1) hurt, harm, injury, damage; at engum veri m. at, that it may do nobody harm; gera e-m m., to do one harm; hn kva at m., at, she said it was a great pity that; mikit m. var honum at, er, a great loss it was to him when; lta sr e-t m., to deny to oneself; hann lt sveininum ekki m., he denied the lad nothing; (2) disease, sore (af v vatni ykkjast margir bt hafa fengit sinna meina); (3) impediments, hindrances (that make a marriage unlawful), = meinbugir.
meina (a), v. (1) to harm, do harm to (m. e-m); (2) to hinder, prevent; (3) to forbid, prohibit (ekki mun ek m. rum mnnum at halda tr, er eim snist).
meina (-ta), v. to mean (rare).
meina-lauss, a. (1) blameless; (2) unhindered; ef -laust er, if there are no hindrances.
mein-blandinn, pp. poisonous;
-bugir, m. pl. impediments, hindrances;
-eir, m. perjury, false oath;
-fang, n. trouble; leita e-m -fanga, to try to embarrass one;
-fullr, a. noxious;
-frr, a. dangerous to pass;
-gra (see gra), v. to offend, harm;
-gr, f. offence.
meinigr (acc. meingan), a. noxious.
meinka (a), v. to do harm to.
mein-krka, f. evil crow;
-kvikendi, n. noxious animal;
-lauss, a. (1) harmless, inoffensive; tla ek mr at -laust, it will do no harm to me; at -lausu, without hindrance; (2) free from suffering, painless (aldri san var honum hndin -laus).
meinlt-samr, a. ascetic.
mein-leiki, m. hindrance, = -bugir;
-leysi, n. harmlessness, innocence;
-liga, adv. painfully;
-ligr, a. painful, troublesome;
-lta (-tta, -ttr), v. to chastise (-lta sr).
meinlta-samr, a. = meinltsamr.
mein-lti, n. (1) pains, trouble; (2) self-chastisement;
-mli, n. abusive language, = meinyri.
meinn, a. painful, causing pain (var honum knit harla meint ok mjkt); kenna sr meint, to feel pain; e-m verr meint vi e-t, af e-u, one takes hurt by a thing.
mein-samliga, adv. perniciously;
-samligr, hurtful, causing pain;
-samr, a. evil, noxious;
-semd, -semi, f. (1) pain, hurt; (2) disease, sore;
-staddr, pp. placed in distress;
-stafir, m. pl. baleful staves, charms.
meins-vanr, a. guileless.
mein-svari, m. perjurer; a. perjured;
-sri, n. perjury.
meinsris-mar, m. perjurer.
mein-tregi, m. affliction, grief;
-vttr, f. noxious wight, harmful being;
-yra (-ra, -rr), v. to abuse in words;
-yri, n. pl. abusive words.
meir-httar, adv. of greater importance (= meira httar).
meiri (neut. meira), a. compar., answering to pos. 'mikill' and superl. 'mestr', (1) greater, bigger (hann var hverjum manni m. ok sterkari); (2) greater, larger, more, of quantity (meira f ok betra).
meirr, adv. compar., answering to 'mjk' and superl. 'mest', (1) more (konungr elskai Hkon m. en nkkurn mann annan); (2) then, after that; sitja m. um sttir saman, and afterwards sit at peace together; (3) with another compar.; firr m., farther off; sunnar m., more to the south.
meiss, m. wooden box, basket (hann hafi mikinn meis baki).
meistara-dmr, m. mastership, great skill;
-samligr, a. masterly.
meistari, m. (1) lord, master; (2) master, teacher; (3) scholar.
meita (-tta, -ttr), v. to cut; m. manar, skegg, to cut the mane, beard.
meitil-berg, n. an abrupt crag.
meitill (-s, meitlar), m. chisel.
meitla (a), v. to chisel, cut.
meizl, n., esp. pl. (1) bodily hurts, injuries; (2) mutilation.
meizla, f. = meizl.
meizla-hgg, n. injurious blow;
-laust, adv. without bodily injury.
mekt, f. might; pomp (rare).
mektugr, a. mighty, powerful.
ml, n. time, moment ( v mli dreif li til hans).
ml, n. pl. mouth-bit of a bridle.

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