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Zoëga's A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic


-hygni, f. silliness;
-lettr, a. thin-faced.
grunnr (-s, -ar), m. bottom (of sea or water); til grunns, til grunna, down to the bottom; ganga grunn, to come to an end (fig.).
grunnr (grynnri, grynnstr), a. shallow; standa grunnt, to be shallow (vinitta okkur stendr grunnt).
grunn-stiglar, pp. hard frozen;
-si, f. simplicity, credulity;
-sliga, adv. foolishly;
-sligr, a. foolish;
-sr, a. shallow-witted, foolish;
-svi, n. shallow water;
-igr, a. shallow-minded;
-igr, f. shallowness of mind, credulity.
grunr (-ar, -ir), m. suspicion, doubt, uncertainty (e-m er grunr d e-u); grafa grun (um e-t), to suspect; hafa grun e-m um e-t, to suspect one of a thing; e-m leikr grunr , um e-t, one feels suspicious about a thing; draga gruni . um e-t, to conceive a suspicion of; renna grunum . e-t, to doubt, to guess at; ba um grun, to be suspected, um grun, by guile (sem etta vri eigi um grun grt).
grun-samligr, a. suspicous-looking;
-samr, a. suspected (hafa e-n -saman);
-semd, f. suspicion.
grunsemdar-lauss, a. free from suspicion.
grfa (-a, -t), v. to grovel, to cower or crouch down (hann grfi at eldinum; eir grfa skjldu sina).
grfa, f., in the phrase, liggja grfu, to lie face down, on one's belly.
gryfja, f. hole, pit.
grynna, (-ti, -t), V. impers. to become shallower; grynnir dalinn, the dale became less deep; refl., grynnast = grynna ( er grynntist yfir at landinu).
grfi-liga, adv. hideously.
grjandi, f. dawn (rare).
grla, f. (1) giantess; (2) bug-bear (ekki hiri ek um grlur yrar).
grta (-tta, -ttr), v. (1) to stone one to death (g. e-n hel, til bana); (2) g. e-n, at e-m, to pelt one with stones.
grta, f. pot.
grting, f. stoning (to death).
grttr, a. stony.
grtu-ker, n. earthen pot.
gr, f. malice, hostility (= grleikr).
grgi, f. greediness, gluttony.
grska, f. malice (= gr).
gra (-dda, -ddr), v. (1) to make grow; (2) to heal (g. sar, g. sjka); (3) to increase; g. f, to make money; refl., vindrinn grddist, the wind increased; grist e-m f, peningar one makes money.
grari, m. healer, saviour.
gri-ligr, a. healable.
gring, f. (1) growth, increase (byrr var gringu); (2) healing, cure (g. stta; andlig g.).
grfr, a. fit to be buried.
grnast (-d). v. to become green (grnist jr).
grn-fainn, a. green-stained.
grn-leikr, m. greenness, verdure.
Grn-lendingr, m. Greenlander.
grn-lenzkr, a. of or belonging to Greenland (Grnland).
grnn, a. (1) green (g. sem gras); (2) fresh (g. fiskr); (3) good fit; s mun n grnstr (the most hopeful choice) at segja satt.
grn-t, f. tuft of grass;
-tyrfa (-a, -r), v. to cover with green turf.
grta (-tta, -ttr), v. to make one weep, distress one; grttr, grieved.
grti, n. pl. tears, sorrow.
grti-ligr, a. lamentable, sad.
grtir, m. one who makes another weep (ggjar g.).
grf (gen. grafar; pl. grafir and grafar), f. (1) pit, ditch (grafa g.); (2) grave; at mein leiddi hann til grafar, caused his death.
grftr (gen. graftar and graftrar, dat. grefti and greftri), m. (1) digging (vera at grefti); (2) burial, interment; veita e-m grft, to bury; (3) tomb; (4) carving.
grn (gen. granar, pl. granar), f. (1) the hair on the upper lip, moustache (sv ungr, at eigi mun g. sprottin); (2) lip; legu munn vi g., lay thy mouth to his lips; e-m bregr v fyrir g., one is startled, alarmed; brega grnum, to draw back the lips, grin; in pl. the lips of a cow or bull.
grn (gen. granar), f. pine-tree.
grptr (gen. graptar), m. = grftr.
grsugr, a. grassy, grass-grown.

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