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Zoëga's A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic


V


vaninn), v. (1) to accustom (v. e-n e-u or vi e-t) v. hann vi rttir ok hversku, to teach him, train him in; v. barn af brjsti, to wean a child ( var hann af brjsti vaninn); (2) to train animals (ar keypti Auunn bjarndri vel vanit); to educate children (var at almlt, at engi born vri sv vel vanin); (3) v. komur snar til e-s, to visit habitually (hann venr komur snar til Ormhildar); v. e-t af e-m, to unteach one a thing (kostgfi hann af eim at v. ll kynni); (4) refl., venjast e-u, vi e-t, to get accustomed to, used to (n mun ek vera at v. hestinum um hri; v. vi irttir); with infin. to be wont, used to (vandist E. optliga at ganga til tals vi Egil).
venja, f. custom, habit (at var v. hans, at); at venju, as usual.
venju-brag, n. habit;
-liga, adv. usually;
-ligr, usual.
venzl, n. pl. relationship, ties of blood or affinity; fyrir venzla sakir, for kinship's sake.
venzla-lauss, a. bound by no ties; -lausir menn, persons not related, strangers;
-
mar, m. kinsman, relation, = vandamar.
veptr, m. woof, = veftr.
ver, n. (1) station for taking eggs, fishing, catching seals, etc. (cf. 'egg-, fiski-, sel-, t-ver'); (2) poet. sea; fyrir handan v., beyond the sea.
ver (gen. pl. -ja), n. case, cover (verit var af guvefjarpelli).
vera (er; var, vrum. or vrum; verit), v. (1) to be, exist; eir menn vru, er, there were men who; (2) to be, happen; at var, at hn fr brott, so it was that she went away; en er vrai, var ar bskortr, there was scarcity in the household; hvat er henni, what is the matter with her! at var einn dag, at, it happened one day that; kann (m) v., at, it is possible, it may be that; (3) to last; mean ingit vri, while the Thing lasted; (4) lta e-n v., to leave one alone (lt mik v. ok ger mr ekki illt); ba hann lta v., begged him to leave it undone, not to do it; (5) to dwell, stay; hann ba hana vera b sinni, he asked her to stay in his booth; hann var Hskuldsstum um ntt, he passed a night at H.; (6) with infin., hlymr var at heyra, a clattering was to be heard; ar var at sj, there was to be seen; v. at gera e-t, to be doing a thing; kva hann v. at telja silfr, said he was counting the money; denoting necessity, a thing about to happen, or to be done; n er eim t at ganga llum, er leyft er, now all those must go out to whom leave is given; er n eigi Kra at varast, now there is no need to beware of K.; n er ar til mls at taka, at, now it is to be told that; n er at segja fr Skamkatli, now we must tell of S.; (7) with a predicate (noun, adj., or adv.); v. konungr, Jarl, biskup, to be king, earl, bishop; v. glar, sll, hryggr, ungr, gamall, to be glad, happy, sad, young, old; v. vel, illa til e-s, to be well, ill-disposed towards one; at er illa, it is sad; vera spakliga herai, to behave gently; or kva Vingi ats n veri, words which he had better not have said; (8) impers., e-m er varmt, heitt, kalt, one is warm, cold; (9) with past participles in passive sense; v. kallar, sagr, tekinn, to be called, said, taken; (10) with preps., v. af e-u, to be off, out of (v. af klum); v. at e-u, to be busy at; verkmenn vru at arningu, they were ploughing; to be present (ar varstu at); ek var at ok vafk, I was about weaving,; eir hiu verit at rj sumur, they had been busy at it for three summers; v. eptir, to be left, remain (A. kvazt vilja v. eptir ok hvlast); v. fyrir, to lead (see 'fyrir'); v. til, to exist; v. um, undir, see 'um, undir'.
vera, f. (1) stay, sojourn; ef hann sr v veru, if he has a corner to stay in; (2) comfort (slkt er vlas v.).
veraldar-, gen. from 'verld';
-aufi, n. pl. worldly riches;
-byg, f. the inhabited world;
-frir, m. world-peace, universal peace;
-frgr, a. world-famous;
-girnd, f., worldly desires, toys, goods;
-glys, n. worldly desires, toys, goods;
-gz, n. worldly desires, toys, goods;
-hfingjar, m. pl. the great ones of the world;
-klerkr, m. =



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