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Zoëga's A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic


S


skval, n. noisy talk.
skvala (a), v. to shout, brawl.
skvaldr,
n. noisy talk, clamour.
skvaldra (a), v. to talk noisily.
skyggr, pp. bright, polished (hjlmr s. sem gler).
skyggja (-a, -r), v. (1) to overshadow; (2) with dat., s. e-u vi e-u, to screen against (s. e-u vi slu); (3) to polish, with acc. (s. sver au, er r eru forn).
skygn, a. (1) seeing (hann hafi fengit sn sna ok var s. mar); (2) sharp-sighted (E. var einsnn ok manna skygnastr).
skygna (-da), v. to pry, spy; s. um e-t, at e-u, to spy after, look for; refl., skygnast um, to look about (skygndist hann n um fast).
skygni, n. shed, cover.
skygning, f. looking about.
skygn-leikr, m. eyesight, power of vision (augun me bjrtum -leik).
skygnur, f. pl. wide open eyes (H. rak s. landit).
skykkjum, dat. pl. as adv., ganga s., to go rocking; gekk jrin undir eim s., the earth went rocking, under them, of an earthquake.
skyld, f. (1) tax, due (heimta saman skyldir konungs); (2) incumbrance on an estate; (3) reason, sake; fyrir mna s., for my sake.
skylda (a), v. (1) to bind in duty, oblige (konungrum skyldai til at flytja lkin til graptar); (2) s. til e-s, to deserve, merit.
skylda, f. (1) due, tax, tribute (fekk hann aan engar skyldur n skatta); (2) duty (er at yvarr rttr ok s. at verja rki vrt); (3) relationship (eigi veit ek, at me okkr s nein s.).
skyldar, pp. bound, obliged (ek em s. til at reka konungs eyrendi).
skyldar-embetti, n. obligatory service;
-erendi, n. urgent business.
skyld-bundinn, pp. duty-bound;
-leiki, m. relationship;
-liga, adv. duly, dutifully;
urfa -liga, to stand in pressing need of;
-ligr, a., e-m er e-t -ligtt, it is one's duty.
skyldr, a. (1) bound, obliged (ef r veitit mr at, ver ek s. til at gra yvarn vilja); (2) due (veita konungi skylda jnustu); (3) urgent, pressing (skylt erendi); mr er skylt, it's my bounden duty (at mun konungi skylt ykkja, at ek fara); (4) related; s. at frndsemi, related by kinship; mr er marinn s., the man is near akin to me; skyld frndsemi, near kinship.
skyldu-erendi, n. urgent business.
skyldug-leikr, m. relationship.
skyldugr, a. (1) bound, obliged (s. at gra e-t); (2) due (skyldug hlni); (3) vera s. e-m, to owe to one.
skyldu- hlni, f. due obedience, homage;
-liga, adv. (1) in duty, dutifully; (2) necessarily (urfa -liga);
-ligr, a. obligatory.
skylmast (d), v. refl., to fence with a weapon (s. me skjld ok sver).
skylming (pl. -ar), f. fencing.
skyn (pl. -jar), f. sense, knowledge, understanding; vita, kunna, hafa s. (or skynjar) e-u, to have knowledge of, understand (Flosi kvazt eigi vita s. , hverir lgmenn vri mestir); hann kunni allra s. borginni, he knew all the people in the town; bera s. yfir e-t, to have knowledge of a thing, understand it; gjalda s. fyrir e-t, to give account of, account for; Loki sagi s. llum gripum, explained all the objects.
skyn, n. = skyn, f. (kunna gott s.).
skynda (-nda), v. (1) to hasten, with dat. (s. fer sinni); s. sr, to hasten, make haste; (2) to hasten, = s. sr (hann skyndi til skipa).
skyndi, f. haste (me mikilli s.).
skyndi-brlaup, n. hasty marriage;
-kona, f, loose woman;
-liga, adv. in haste, speedily;
-ligr, a. sudden (-ligr daui).
skynding, f. speed, haste; af skyndingu, in haste, speedily.
skyndir, m. haste; bera skyndi at um e-t, to make haste with.
skyndi-r, -ri, n. hasty plan or deed.
skynja (a), v. (1) to perceive, make out, understand (eir skynja skjtt, hverir hfingjar vru vinir Magnss konungs); (2) to search into, inquire (. ba menn sna s., ef hann yrfti



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