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Zoëga's A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic


F


ykki mr er vr skiljum f., the sooner we part the better; sv sem f. sgum vr, as we said before; f. en, before (conj.), sooner than; (2) rather.
fyrri, a. compar. former;
fyrstr, a. superl. the first, foremost; hinn fyrra hlut vetrar, in the early part of the winter; hit fyrra sumar, the summer before last; yrir fyrri frndr, your ancestors; vera fyrri til e-s, at e-u, to be the first to do a thing; eigi fellr tr vi hit fyrsta hgg, a tree does not fall at the first blow.
fyrri, adv. (= fyrr) before, sooner, rather (fyrri skal ek deyja, en).
fyrr-meirr, adv. formerly, in former times, previously.
fyrrum, adv. formerly, before.
fyrst, adv. superl. (1) first; gekk Hrtr fyrst (foremost) ok kvaddi konunginn; sem f., as soon as possible; f. sta, directly, at once; (2) conj. (rare) as, since.
fyrsta, f., fyrstunni, i fyrstu, in the beginning, at first.
fla, f. (1) foulness, stink; (2) dirty fellow (= mannfla).
fsa (-ta, -tr), v. to urge (f. e-n e-s) impers., mik fsir, I am eager, desire strongly (mik fsir til slands, heim); refl., fsast, to desire, feel desirous or eager; also ellipt. (hann kvast eigi f. til slands at sv bnu).
fsi, f. wish, desire (= fsn, fst).
fsi-liga, adv. willingly, desirably;
-ligr, a. desirable, attractive.
fsn, fst, f. = fsi; e-m er fst at gera e-t, one is desirous of doing (or eager to do) a thing.
f , f. (1) fewness, scantiness; (2) coldness (in intercourse); f. er me eim, they are on indifferent terms; taka f., to become melancholy.
fgja (-a, -r), v. (1) to polish; (2) to cleanse (f. sr).
fkka (a), v. (1) to make few, reduce in number; (2) refl., fkkast, to grow cold, unfriendly (heldr tk at f. me eim).
fla (-da, -dr), v. to frighten, scare (f. e-n braut); refl., flast e-t, to be frightened at; hestar fldust, the horses shied.
fling, f. frightening.
flinn, a. shy, timid.
fr, f. sheep.
Fr-eyingar, m. pl. the Faroe Islanders;
-eyjar, f. pl. the Faroe Islands.
fr-eyskr, a. Faroese.
fta, v. to have to do with (f. um e-t).
ftka, ftta (a), v. = fkka.
fa (-dda, -ddr), v. (1) to feed, give food to; (2) to rear, bring up (= f. upp); (3) to give birth to (fddi Bergljt sveinbarn); (4) refl., fast, to feed, live on a thing (f. vi e-t; to be born; to be brought up (= f. upp).
fa, f. food.
fi, n. food (= fzla).
fing, f. birth, delivery.
fingi (pl. -jar), m. native; vera f. e-u landi, to be born in a country.
fra (-a, -r), v. (1) to bring, convey (f. f til skips); (2) to bring, present (f. e-m e-t); f. e-m hfu sitt, to surrender to one; f. e-m kvi, to deliver a poem; (3) to remove (f. kirkju, f. b sitt); (4) with preps., f. e-t at e-m, to inflict on one; f. skmm at e-m, to sneer at one; refl., frast at, to bestir oneself; mega ekki at frast, to be unable to do anything; f. e-n, to mock one; refl., frast ftr, to grow up; f. e-n fram, to maintain, feed; f. e-t hljmli, to hush up; f. e-n kaf, to plunge one under water; f. sik tt, to vindicate one's kinship (by a gallant deed); f. e-n nir = f. e-n kaf; f. korn (s) nir, to put down corn (seed), to sow; f. e-t sundr, to split asunder; f. e-n til kristni, to convert to Christianity; f. til rtts mls, to turn into prose; refl., frast undan e-u, to quit (release) oneself of; f. upp, to put up (f. upp vef); to lift up (f. upp xina); to take out (f. upp mat r katli); f. t barveggi, to enlarge the walls of a booth.
fr, f. condition of the roads.
fri, n. (1) opportunity; komast vi e-n, to get a chance to attack one; vera frum til e-s or um e-t, to be able to do a thing; (2) what one is able to do (ekki tla ek etta mitt f.); (3) fishing-line.
fri-ligr, a. (1) practicable, easy, (2) friligr hestr, a strong horse.



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