Zoëga's A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic
a, a negative suffix to verbs, not; era útmakligt, at it is not unmeet that.
abbadís (pl. -ar), f. abbess.
abbast (að), v. ref. to be angry, to quarrel (a. við e-n, upp á e-n).
abbindi ( = afbindi), n. constipation.
aðal, n. nature, disposition.
aðal-, in compounds, chief, head, principal;
-akheri, n. sheet-anchor;
-ból, n. manor;
-borinn, pp. of noble birth, = óðal-borinn;
-festr, f. see alaðsfestr;
-fylking, f. the main body of troops, centre;
-haf, n. the high sea;
-henda, f. = alhenda;
-hending, f. full or perfect rhyme, as góð: blóð (opposed to 'skothending');
-hendr, a. (verse) with perfect rhymes;
-kelda, f. chief well;
-kirkja, f. chief part of a church, opp. to 'forkirkja';
-liga, adv. completely, quite;
-merki, n. chief banner;
-ritning, f. chief writing;
-skáli, m. the main hall, opp. to 'forskáli, forhús';
-tré, n. trunk of a tree;
-troll, n. downright ogre;
-túlkr, m. chief spokesman.
aðild, f. chief defendantship or prosecutorship.
aðildarmaðr, m. aðili.
aðili (-ja, -jar, later -a, -ar), m. chief defendant (varnaraðili) or prosecutor (sakaraðili).
af, prep. with dat. I. of place; (1) off, from; G. hljóp af hesti sínum, G. jumped off his horse; ganga af mótinu, to go away from the meeting; Flosi kastaði af sér skikkjunni, threw off his cloak; Gizzur gekk af útsuðri at gerðinu, from the south-west; hann hafði leyst af sér skúa sína, he had taken off his shoes; Steinarr vildi slíta hann af sér, throw him off; tók Gísli þá af sér vápnin, took off his arms; bréf af Magnúsi konungi, a letter from king Magnus; land af landi, from one land to the other; hverr af öðrum, one after another, in succession; vil ek þú vinnir af þér skuldina, work off the debt; muntu enga sætt af mér fá, no peace at my hand; rísa af dauði, to rise from the dead; vakna af draumi, to awaken from a dream; lúka upp af hrossi, to open a gate from off a horse; vindr stóð af landi, the wind blew from the land; (2) out of; verða tekinn af heimi, to be taken out of the world; gruflar hón af læknum, she scrambles out of the brook; Otradalr var mjök af vegi, far out of the way,. Connected with út; föstudaginn fór út herrinn af borginni, marched out of the town. II. of time; past, beyond: af ómaga-aldri, able to support oneself, of age; ek em nú af léttasta skeiði, no longer in the prime of life; þá er sjau vikur eru af sumri, when seven weeks of summer are past; var mikit af nótt, much of the night was past. III. in various other relations; (1) þiggja lið af e-m, to receive help from one; hafa umboð af e-m, to be another's deputy; vera góðs (ills) maklegr af e-m, to deserve good (bad) of one; féil par lið mart af Eyvindi, many of Eyvind's men fell there; þá eru þeir útlagir ok af goðorði sínu, have forfeited their 'goðorð'; þá skalt þú af allri fjárheimtunni, forfeit all the claim; ek skal stefna þér af konunni, summon thee to give up; (2) off, of; höggva fót, hönd, af e-m, to cut off one's foot, hand; vil ek, at þú takir slíkt sem þér líkar af varningi, whatever you like of the stores; þar lá forkr einn ok brotit af endanum, with the point broken off; absol., beit hann höndina af, bit the hand off; fauk af höfuðit, the head flew off; (3) of, among; hinn efniligasti maðr af ungum mönnum, the most promising of the young men; (4) with; hláða, (ferma) skip af e-u, to load
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