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Viktor Rydberg's Investigations into Germanic Mythology Volume II  : Part 2: Germanic Mythology
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Of the Kings of the Uplands

Of The Kings of the Uplands

1: Concerning King Olaf the Tree-Feller

Olaf, the son of Ingjald the Ill-Advised, king in Sweden, cleared Vermaland. He was called Olaf the Tree-Feller. He was fostered in West Gautland by a man named Bofi. Bofi's son was named Saxi, who was called the Plunderer. Olaf's mother was Gauthild, the daughter of King Algaut, who was the son of King Gautrek the Mild, son of Gaut, after whom Gautland is named. Alof was the mother of Gauthild, daughter of King Olaf the Clear-Sighted, king in Naeriki.

At that time, Ivar Widegrasp had conquered all Denmark and Sweden, and so Olaf and a great multitude of his folk fled, and were proclaimed outlaws by King Ivar. They went north to Vaeni, and cleared the forests and settled in a large area that they called Vermaland, and the Swedes elected Olaf the Tree-Feller, and he was their king until old age. His wife was named Solva. She was the sister of Solvi the Old, who first cleared the Soley Isles.

Olaf and Solva had two sons, one named Ingjald, and the other Halfdan. Ingjald was king in Vermaland after his father, but Halfdan was fostered in the Soley Isles by Solva, his uncle. He was called Halfdan Whitebone. He was king in the Soleys after King Solvi. He married Asa, daughter of Eystein the Ill-advised, king in Heid. This Eystein conquered the Eynafylki in Trondheim, and gave them his hound for king, who was named Sorr; Sorshaug is named after him. Halfdan and Asa had two sons, Eystein and Gudrod. Halfdan Whitebone took Raumariki and much of Heidmark. He died in Thotni, and was taken to Heidmark and buried there.

2: Concerning Halfdan Whitebone's Descendants

Gudrod, Halfdan's son, was king in Heidmark after his father. His son was Helgi, father of Ingjald, father of Olaf the White, who married Unn the Deep-Minded, daughter of Ketil Faltnose. Their son was Thorsteinn the Red, who was an earl in Scotland and fell there.

Eystein, son of Halfdan Whitebone, was king in Raumariki. He married the daughter of Eirik Agnarsson, who was king in Vestfold. Eirik had no son. Agnarr, Eirik's father, was son of King Sigtrygg of Vindli. King Eystein fell overboard, and drowned in the boatyard in the sound.

His son was named Halfdan, and he took the kingdom after him. He surrounded himself with powerful men and great warriors, giving out gold to his henchmen as other men gave silver, but he was hesitant to provide his men with food. He was called Halfdan the Mild but Miserly with Meat. He married Lifa, daughter of Dag, king of Vestmar. He died in Vestfold, and was buried there.

Their son was named Gudrod, and he took the kingdom after his father. He was called Gudrod the Generous. He married Asa, daughter of King Harald Redbeard, who was king of Agder. They had two sons. One was named Halfdan, the other Olaf. Gudrod the Generous was killed at Geirstad in Vestfold, where was killed with a halberd, and he died on his ship in Stiflusund, in the evening. Asa, his wife, had egged on a man to kill him, because King Gudrod had killed King Harald, her father, and Gyrd, his son. King Gudrod had also married the daughter of Alfarin of Alfheim and had received half Vingulmark with her, as a dowry. Their son was Olaf. He was full-grown when his father fell, and he took the kingdom after his father. He was the best of all men, and strongest and most handsome to be seen. He was called Olaf, the Elf of Geirstad.

Asa the Ambitious went north to Agdir with Halfdan, her son, who was a winter old, and she held the kingdom that her father had owned. Halfdan grew up with Asa, his mother, and he was soon a big man, strong and black-haired, and so he was called Halfdan the Black.

After King Gudrod's fall, King Alfgeirr took under him Vingulmark and put his son over it, who was called Gandalf. Father and son took to themselves the greater part of Raumariki. Then King Eysteinn, son of Hogni Eysteinsson the Powerful but Ill-Advised, conquered all Heidmark and the Soleys, then Olaf the Elf of Geirstad had Grenland and Vestfold. Olaf died of a sickness of the foot (gout?) at Geirstad and was buried there. His son was Rognvald, who was called Mountain-High. He was king in Grenland after his father. Thjodolf of Hvina composed the Ynglingatal about him, and said that his kindred descended from Yngvi-Frey in Sweden, from whose name they are known as Ynglings.

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